Genetic modification is an area of biotechnology which enables the manipulation of the genetic material in living organisms, enabling them to perform the defined functions. Since then the greater advancements in the agriculture has commenced, expecting that the GM crops would solve the current and future problems in commercial agriculture, providing benefits to both economy and the environment. Nevertheless, advancements in GM crops have raised significant questions of their safety and efficacy. The problems related to its impact on human health and insect resistance have seriously undermined their beneficial effects towards the Seed industry. Inspire of various research, there is a significant lack of safety evidences towards the usage of GM crops and this led to the mistrust on its further development and usage. These have led many countries to implement partial or full restrictions on GM crops.
Imperfections and major GM technology can also be avoided by thorough regulation, monitoring and usage by government agriculture bodies, a globally improved risk mitigation strategy and communication with growers, therefore ensuring greater acceptance. With key innovation in precision gene-integration technologies and emerging research in bio fortification and stress tolerance, GM crops are forecast to bring productivity and profitability in commercial agriculture for smoother progress in the future. GM agriculture is now widely discussed in both positive and negative frames, and currently serves as a hotbed of debate in public and policymaking levels.